reduce tax outgo with an HUF

Ways to reduce tax outgo with an HUF

Understanding HUF

In the panorama of taxation, several provisions enable taxpayers to optimize their tax liability. An effective, albeit underutilized method among these, is leveraging the concept of a Hindu Undivided Family (HUF). This intriguing component of the Indian taxation system can be a valuable instrument in your tax planning strategy.

An HUF, or Hindu Undivided Family, primarily constitutes members from a common ancestral lineage. It is an exclusive feature of Hindu law and can be formed by Hindus, Buddhists, Jains, and Sikhs. A family comes together with its assets to form an HUF, which enjoys a separate tax status under the Indian Income Tax Act. The intriguing part about an HUF is its distinct identity, separated from its members. Indeed, an HUF has its separate Permanent Account Number (PAN) and files independent tax returns.

With the formation of an HUF, you’re essentially creating another tax entity, providing access to an additional set of tax slabs and deductions under various sections of the Income Tax Act. Thus, by wise financial planning, forming an HUF can result in significant tax savings.

In my following articles, along with in-depth comprehension of tax benefits, I will also illustrate this with a realistic example to elucidate how forming an HUF helps in saving tax and also reduces the overall tax outgo of a family.

Forming an HUF to Save Tax

Creating an HUF can provide significant tax advantages for a family. Let’s delve deeper into how forming an HUF enables tax savings and reduces the overall tax outgo.

A. Tax Benefits of HUF

One of the key advantages of forming an HUF is that it can claim deductions and exemptions independently from its members. This means that both individual taxpayers and the HUF can claim deductions available under the Income Tax Act, such as Section 80C for investments in specific financial instruments, Section 80D for health insurance premiums, and many more.

For example, let’s consider a scenario where a couple, along with their two children, decides to create an HUF. In this case, all four individuals, as well as the HUF, can claim deductions under Section 80C. This effectively increases the overall deduction limit for the family, resulting in potential tax savings.

Additionally, the HUF has the flexibility to make investments and claim deductions on income generated from those investments. Moreover, the HUF can take an insurance policy on the life of its members, pay salaries to its members, and deduct the salary expenses from its income.

B. Real-Life Example of Tax Saving through HUF

To understand the impact of forming an HUF for tax saving purposes, let’s consider a practical example:

Assume that there is a family consisting of a husband, wife, and two children. The husband’s annual income is Rs. 25 lakhs, the wife’s annual income is Rs. 18 lakhs, and they earn an annual rent of Rs. 8 lakhs from an ancestral property.

If the rental income is taxed in the hands of the husband, who falls in the 30% income tax slab category, the tax liability would be 30% of Rs. 8 lakhs, resulting in a tax outgo of Rs. 2.4 lakhs. Similarly, if the income is taxed in the hands of the wife, the tax outgo would be the same.

However, by creating an HUF and taxing the rental income in its hands, the tax liability can be significantly reduced. The tax payable by the HUF, computed as per the slab rates, would be approximately Rs. 70,000 to Rs. 80,000 (after considering income tax deductions claimed by the HUF). This results in a tax saving of Rs. 1,80,000 per year.

This example highlights how forming an HUF can lead to substantial tax savings and reduce the overall tax burden on the family.

Benefits and Drawbacks of forming an HUF

While there are significant advantages to forming an HUF for tax-saving purposes, it is essential to weigh the benefits against the drawbacks. Let’s explore the pros and cons of creating an HUF.

A. Benefits of forming an HUF

  1. Tax Saving: As discussed earlier, forming an HUF allows for additional deductions and exemptions, resulting in potential tax savings for the family. By leveraging the separate tax entity of the HUF, the overall tax outgo can be reduced.
  2. Extra PAN Card: Creating an HUF provides the family with an additional PAN card. This can be beneficial for managing financial transactions and maintaining separate records for the family entity.
  3. Flexibility in Investments: The HUF can make investments using its income, and the returns from these investments are taxable in the hands of the HUF. This provides flexibility in managing and growing the family’s assets.

B. Drawbacks of forming an HUF

  1. Joint Ownership of Assets: All assets in the name of the HUF belong to the entire family and not to specific individuals. This means that all members, including unborn children in the womb of a mother, have a right to the assets of the HUF.
  2. Complexity of Governance: Managing the affairs of an HUF, including financial transactions and decision-making, can sometimes be complex. Proper caution must be exercised, especially while gifting assets to the HUF, as the entire family shares ownership.

It is important to carefully consider these benefits and drawbacks before deciding to form an HUF. Consulting with a qualified financial professional or a chartered accountant can help you make an informed decision based on your specific circumstances.

Other Relevant Information about HUF

There are several additional details and aspects to consider when it comes to forming and managing an HUF. Let’s dive into some key points related to HUF.

1. Filing Requirements and Due Dates

Similar to individuals, HUFs are also required to file an income tax return every year. The due date for filing the HUF’s income tax return is usually on or before the 31st of July of the assessment year. However, if the turnover of the HUF’s business exceeds Rs. 25 lakhs (or Rs. 1 crore in certain cases), a tax audit under Section 44AB might also be required, with a revised due date for filing the return by 30th September.

2. Role of Karta and Power of Signature

The Karta, who is usually the eldest male member of the family, holds the power to sign all documents on behalf of the HUF. However, the Karta may also delegate this power to other adult members of the family if desired.

3. Membership and Coparceners

While an adopted child can become a member of the HUF, they cannot become a coparcener. The distinction between a member and a coparcener is that a coparcener has the right to ask for a partition of the HUF.

4. Recognition of HUFs

HUFs are recognized all over India, except in Kerala. The recognition of HUFs in Kerala was abolished by the Kerala Joint Family System (Abolition) Act, 1975, effective from 1st December 1976.

5. Residency of HUF

The residency status of an HUF depends on the location of its control. If the control of the HUF resides in India, it will be considered a resident HUF for tax purposes. If the control of the HUF moves outside India, it will be regarded as a non-resident HUF.

These are some noteworthy additional points to consider when forming and managing an HUF. It is always advisable to consult with a qualified professional, such as a chartered accountant, to accurately adhere to the legal and tax obligations associated with the HUF.

How to Form an HUF?

Forming an HUF involves specific conditions and requirements that need to be met. Let’s explore the process of creating an HUF and the steps involved.

1. Formation of HUF

  • One person cannot form an HUF; it can only be formed by a family consisting of a common ancestor and all of their lineal descendants, including their wives and unmarried daughters.
  • An HUF is automatically formed at the time of marriage.
  • Hindus, Buddhists, Jains, and Sikhs can form HUFs.

2. Assets of HUF

  • HUFs usually have assets acquired through gifts, wills, ancestral property, or contributions by the members of the HUF.
  • The property contributed to the common pool by the members constitutes the assets of the HUF.

3. Registration of HUF

  • Once the HUF is formed, it should be formally registered in its name.
  • A legal deed specifying the details of the HUF members and the business of the HUF is required.
  • It is essential to obtain a separate PAN number and open a bank account in the name of the HUF for its financial transactions.

Taking these steps ensures that the HUF is recognized as a separate entity, allowing it to enjoy the benefits and fulfill the legal requirements associated with the formation of an HUF.

Frequently Asked Questions About HUF

To provide further clarity and address common queries related to HUF, here are some frequently asked questions and their answers:

1. Can an HUF be created by anyone, or does it require a specific family structure?

  • An HUF can be created by Hindus, Buddhists, Jains, and Sikhs who have a common ancestral lineage.
  • The HUF includes the common ancestor, their lineal descendants, and their wives and unmarried daughters.

2. Is it necessary to register the HUF?

  • While it is not a legal requirement to register an HUF, formal registration is highly recommended.
  • Registering the HUF ensures its legal recognition and provides evidence of its existence.

3. Can an HUF have its own bank account and PAN number?

  • Yes, after the formation of the HUF, it should have its own bank account in the name of the HUF.
  • The HUF should also obtain a separate PAN number for carrying out financial transactions and fulfilling tax obligations.

4. Can an HUF borrow in its name?

  • Yes, an HUF can borrow funds in its name for various purposes, such as business or investment activities.
  • However, the borrowing should be done in compliance with the legal provisions and with proper documentation.

5. How is an HUF taxed?

  • An HUF has its own PAN and files a separate income tax return.
  • The HUF is taxed at the same rates as an individual, and it can claim deductions and exemptions independently.

6. Can females be members of the HUF?

  • Yes, females can be members of the HUF, including the wife of the common ancestor and unmarried daughters.
  • Females have equal rights and share in the assets and income of the HUF.

These are just a few of the commonly asked questions about HUF. By addressing these queries, we aim to provide a thorough understanding of the concept and the relevant considerations.


In conclusion, forming a Hindu Undivided Family (HUF) can be a valuable strategy for reducing tax outgo and optimizing tax planning. By creating an HUF, families can take advantage of the separate tax entity, allowing for additional deductions, exemptions, and savings.

Throughout this article, we explored the various aspects of forming an HUF, starting from its definition and tax implications to the benefits and drawbacks. We provided a detailed understanding of how an HUF can result in tax savings, using real-life examples to illustrate its impact.

It is important to carefully evaluate the pros and cons when considering the formation of an HUF. While it offers advantages such as tax savings and an additional PAN card, there are considerations related to joint ownership of assets and the governance of the HUF.

Seeking guidance from qualified professionals, such as chartered accountants or financial advisors, is crucial to ensure compliance with legal obligations and to make informed decisions regarding the formation and management of an HUF.

The journey of optimizing tax planning through HUF begins with a comprehensive understanding of its formation and operation. By following the necessary steps, fulfilling the legal requirements, and seeking professional advice, families can unlock the potential benefits of an HUF and reduce their tax burden.

Remember, forming an HUF is a long-term commitment that requires attention, proper documentation, and adherence to the applicable laws and regulations.

If you have any lingering questions or require further assistance regarding the formation and utilization of an HUF, do not hesitate to consult an expert in the field who can provide personalized guidance tailored to your specific circumstances.

Embrace the opportunity to save taxes and optimize your financial planning through the strategic creation of an HUF.


The materials provided herein are solely for educational and informational purposes. No attorney/professional-client relationship is created when you access or use the site or the materials. The information presented on this site does not constitute legal or professional advice and should not be relied upon for such purposes or used as a substitute for professional or legal advice.

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