India, with its vibrant economy and business-friendly environment, has emerged as an attractive destination for foreign companies looking to expand their global footprint. However, navigating the legal and regulatory landscape can be challenging, requiring a thorough understanding of the compliance requirements. This comprehensive guide aims to provide valuable insights and practical guidance for establishing foreign companies in India while ensuring full compliance with the applicable laws and regulations.
In this guide, we will delve into various aspects ranging from the legal and regulatory framework to tax implications, employment laws, intellectual property rights, corporate governance, and compliance challenges. By addressing these critical areas, foreign companies can establish a successful presence in India while mitigating potential risks and ensuring adherence to statutory obligations.
As we embark on this journey, it is essential for foreign companies considering entering the Indian market to be cognizant of the complexities and nuances involved. By following this guide, business leaders and stakeholders will gain a comprehensive understanding of the procedures, best practices, and compliance measures required to establish and operate a foreign company in India effectively.
Join us as we explore the intricacies of setting up foreign companies in India and discover the key compliance considerations that will pave the way to sustainable growth and success. Let’s start by understanding the legal and regulatory framework governing foreign companies in India.
- Establishing a foreign company in India requires compliance with the legal and regulatory framework, including the Companies Act, Foreign Exchange Management Act (FEMA), and sector-specific regulations.
- Foreign companies can choose from various entity structures like wholly-owned subsidiaries, joint ventures, liaison offices, or branch offices based on their business objectives and compliance capabilities.
- Registration of a foreign company in India involves filing Form FC-1 within 30 days of establishing a place of business and providing necessary documents like charter documents, address details, and information about directors and secretaries.
- Compliance with statutory requirements, such as maintaining books of accounts, holding annual general meetings, and filing financial statements with the Registrar of Companies (ROC), is crucial for foreign companies operating in India.
- Foreign companies must comply with taxation laws, including corporate tax rates, tax incentives, withholding taxes, and transfer pricing regulations.
- Adhering to employment and labor laws, ensuring fair employment practices, and providing employee benefits and social security contributions are vital for foreign companies in India.
- Protecting intellectual property rights (IPR) through trademarks, patents, copyrights, and trade secrets is essential to safeguard innovation and prevent unauthorized use.
- It is important to follow corporate governance practices, maintain transparency, and comply with reporting obligations to build a solid foundation of trust with stakeholders.
- Compliance challenges and risks, such as corruption, anti-money laundering, data privacy, and regulatory changes, should be addressed by implementing robust internal controls and staying updated with relevant regulations.
- Seeking legal advice, conducting regular compliance audits, and engaging with professionals specializing in Indian corporate law can help foreign companies navigate the complexities of compliance and ensure business sustainability.
Legal and Regulatory Framework
India has a well-defined legal and regulatory framework that governs the establishment and operation of foreign companies within its borders. Ensuring compliance with these regulations is crucial for foreign companies looking to establish a presence in India. In this section, we will explore the key aspects of the legal and regulatory framework relevant to foreign companies.
- Companies Act: The Companies Act, 2013 is the primary legislation governing the formation, management, and dissolution of companies in India. Foreign companies need to familiarize themselves with the provisions of this act, including those related to incorporation, shareholding, directors, and corporate governance.
- Foreign Exchange Management Act (FEMA): FEMA regulates foreign exchange transactions in India. It governs various aspects, including capital inflows, repatriation of profits, borrowing, and investment by foreign companies. Compliance with FEMA provisions is essential to ensure smooth cross-border transactions and adherence to foreign exchange regulations.
- Reserve Bank of India (RBI) Regulations: The RBI issues regulations and guidelines that govern foreign investment, banking, and financial transactions. Foreign companies must comply with RBI regulations concerning foreign investment limits, reporting requirements, and capital repatriation. It is crucial to stay updated with any changes or updates issued by the RBI to ensure compliance.
- Sector-Specific Regulations: Certain sectors, such as banking, insurance, telecommunications, defense, and retail, have industry-specific regulations governing the establishment and operation of foreign companies. Understanding and complying with these sector-specific regulations is essential for foreign companies to operate within the legal framework and seek necessary approvals, licenses, or permits.
By adhering to the legal and regulatory framework, foreign companies can establish a strong foundation in the Indian market. It is advisable to consult with legal experts or professional advisors with expertise in Indian corporate law to ensure full compliance with the relevant statutes.
In the next section, we will explore different entity structures available for foreign companies in India and discuss their advantages and limitations. Let’s continue our journey towards understanding the establishment of foreign companies in India and ensuring compliance.
Entity Structures for Foreign Companies in India
Foreign companies entering the Indian market have various entity structures to choose from, each with its own advantages and limitations. In this section, we will discuss the different entity structures available and their implications for compliance.
- Wholly-owned Subsidiary: Setting up a wholly-owned subsidiary is a popular choice for foreign companies looking to have full control and ownership of their operations in India. This entity structure provides flexibility in decision-making, allows for easier compliance management, and offers limited liability protection. Foreign companies must comply with the necessary incorporation procedures, including obtaining a Director Identification Number (DIN), appointing directors, and adhering to share capital requirements.
- Joint Venture: A joint venture involves partnering with an Indian company to establish a new entity. Foreign companies often opt for joint ventures to leverage local expertise and resources. Compliance considerations include drafting detailed agreements to outline the partnership terms, ensuring compliance with applicable competition laws, and addressing governance issues between partners.
- Liaison Office: A liaison office, also known as a representative office, is primarily used for conducting market research, promoting the parent company’s products or services, and providing a communication channel between the parent company and potential customers or business partners in India. Liaison offices are subject to specific compliance requirements, such as limitations on revenue generation, restrictions on conducting commercial activities, and periodic reporting to regulatory authorities.
- Branch Office: Foreign companies can establish branch offices in India to undertake specific activities permitted under the Foreign Exchange Management (Establishment in India of a Branch Office or Other Place of Business) Regulations, 2000. Compliance obligations for branch offices include obtaining approvals from the RBI, adhering to reporting requirements, and ensuring compliance with tax and other statutory obligations.
It is crucial for foreign companies to evaluate their business objectives, market strategy, and compliance capabilities before selecting an appropriate entity structure. Seeking expert advice from legal professionals or consultants specializing in Indian corporate law can help foreign companies navigate the complexities and ensure compliance with the regulations governing their chosen entity structure.
In the next section, we will explore the Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) policy in India and its implications for foreign companies. Stay tuned as we continue our journey through the establishment of foreign companies in India and the importance of compliance.
Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) Policy in India
Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) plays a significant role in India’s economic growth and development. The Indian government has implemented a robust FDI policy to attract foreign investment across various sectors. In this section, we will explore the FDI policy in India and its implications for foreign companies establishing their presence in the country.
- Automatic Route and Government Approval: The FDI policy categorizes sectors into those where foreign investments are permitted under the automatic route (no prior government approval required) and those that require government approval. It is essential for foreign companies to identify the sector in which they plan to invest and understand the specific conditions and limitations associated with it.
- Sectoral Caps and Conditions: Some sectors have prescribed limits on foreign ownership or require compliance with specific conditions. It is crucial for foreign companies to be aware of sector-specific restrictions, such as caps on FDI, employment of local talent, technology transfer, and mandatory partnerships with Indian entities.
- Reporting and Compliance: Foreign companies are required to comply with reporting requirements related to their FDI investments. This includes submitting reports to the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) and ensuring adherence to compliance norms and timelines specified by regulatory authorities.
- Changes in FDI Policy: The Indian government periodically reviews and amends the FDI policy to promote ease of doing business and attract investment. Foreign companies must stay updated with any changes or revisions to the FDI policy that may impact their existing operations or future investment plans.
Compliance with the FDI policy is critical for foreign companies to operate within the legal framework and ensure a smooth investment process. Engaging with legal and financial experts well-versed in FDI regulations can help foreign companies navigate the complexities, understand the implications, and ensure compliance with the FDI policy provisions.
In the next section, we will delve into the statutory compliance requirements for foreign companies in India, covering registration, approvals, and permits. Stay with us as we explore the importance of compliance in establishing foreign companies in India.
Statutory Compliance for Foreign Companies in India
Compliance with the statutory requirements is vital for foreign companies operating in India to ensure smooth business operations and remain in adherence to the legal framework. In this section, we will explore the key statutory compliance requirements for foreign companies, including registration, approvals, permits, and the associated procedures and timelines.
- Incorporation and Registration:
a. Company Registration: Foreign companies intending to establish a presence in India must register with the Registrar of Companies (ROC) under the provisions of the Companies Act, 2013. The registration process involves submitting the necessary documents, such as the Memorandum of Association (MoA), Articles of Association (AoA), and other statutory forms, along with the prescribed fees. The ROC issues a Certificate of Incorporation after successful registration. b. Permanent Account Number (PAN): Foreign companies are required to obtain a Permanent Account Number (PAN) from the Income Tax Department. PAN is essential for various tax-related purposes, including filing tax returns, opening bank accounts, and conducting financial transactions. c. Tax Registration: Foreign companies must also register for tax purposes, including Goods and Services Tax (GST) registration if applicable, as per the nature of their business activities in India.
- Approvals and Permits:
a. Foreign Investment Approvals: Depending on the sector and the nature of foreign investment, certain sectors require prior approval from the government or regulatory authorities. Foreign companies need to identify whether their chosen sector falls under the automatic route or requires government approval, and initiate the necessary approval process. b. Specific Permits and Licenses: Certain business activities, such as manufacturing, import-export, and operating in regulated sectors, may require additional permits or licenses from the respective authorities. Foreign companies must understand the specific permits and licenses applicable to their business and ensure timely applications and renewals.
- Compliance with Regulatory Bodies:
a. Registrar of Companies (ROC) Compliance: Foreign companies must comply with various ROC requirements, including maintaining proper books of accounts, holding annual general meetings, filing annual financial statements, and keeping the ROC updated with any changes in the company’s details or structure. b. Tax Compliance: Compliance with tax regulations, including filing tax returns, payment of taxes, and maintaining adequate tax records, is essential for foreign companies operating in India. They must also comply with transfer pricing regulations, ensuring appropriate documentation and arm’s length pricing.
- Timelines and Procedures:
Compliance timelines and procedures may vary depending on the specific compliance requirement. It is crucial for foreign companies to familiarize themselves with the applicable forms, procedures, timelines, and supporting documents for each compliance requirement to ensure timely and accurate submissions.
Adhering to the statutory compliance requirements is fundamental for establishing and maintaining a legally compliant presence in India. It is advisable for foreign companies to engage professional services or consult legal experts well-versed in Indian corporate law and compliance to ensure they fulfill all the necessary requirements accurately and on time.
Next, we will delve into the taxation and transfer pricing aspects for foreign companies in India. Stay tuned as we uncover the implications of tax regulations and transfer pricing compliance.
Taxation and Transfer Pricing Compliance
Taxation and transfer pricing are crucial aspects for foreign companies operating in India. Understanding the tax implications and complying with transfer pricing regulations are essential to ensure compliance and effective financial management. In this section, we will explore the key considerations related to taxation and transfer pricing for foreign companies in India.
- Corporate Taxation:
a. Corporate Tax Rates: Foreign companies are subject to corporate tax rates in India. As per the prevailing tax laws, the corporate tax rate for foreign companies is determined based on their residency status and taxable income. It is crucial to understand the applicable tax rates and comply with tax filing and payment obligations. b. Tax Incentives: The Indian government provides tax incentives for certain sectors and activities to promote investment and economic growth. Foreign companies may be eligible for tax benefits such as tax holidays, deductions, or exemptions. Understanding and availing these incentives can significantly impact the overall tax liability.
c. Withholding Taxes: Foreign companies making payments to residents of India may be subject to withholding taxes. Compliance with withholding tax obligations, such as deducting and remitting the appropriate tax amount to the tax authorities, is essential to avoid penalties and ensure compliance with tax regulations.
- Transfer Pricing Compliance:
a. Arm’s Length Principle: Transfer pricing refers to the pricing of cross-border transactions between related entities. Foreign companies engaged in intragroup transactions must comply with transfer pricing regulations. This involves conducting transfer pricing studies to demonstrate that the prices charged in these transactions adhere to the arm’s length principle.
b. Documentation: It is crucial for foreign companies to maintain proper transfer pricing documentation, including contemporaneous documentation to support the pricing of controlled transactions, such as intercompany agreements, transfer pricing reports, and comparable data analysis.
c. Advance Pricing Agreements (APAs): Foreign companies can opt for Advance Pricing Agreements (APAs) with the Indian tax authorities to obtain certainty on their transfer pricing methodologies and avoid transfer pricing disputes. APAs provide clarity and reduce the risk of transfer pricing adjustments.
Compliance with taxation and transfer pricing regulations requires knowledge of the applicable tax laws, engagement with tax consultants or experts, and accurate record-keeping. Foreign companies must analyze their transactions, comply with tax filing and payment obligations, and maintain proper transfer pricing documentation.
In the next section, we will discuss the employment and labor laws that foreign companies must comply with when operating in India. Stay with us as we uncover the compliance requirements related to employment and labor laws.
Employment and Labor Laws Compliance
Foreign companies operating in India must adhere to the employment and labor laws applicable to ensure fair and compliant employment practices. In this section, we will explore the key compliance considerations related to employment and labor laws for foreign companies in India.
- Employment Contracts and Terms:
a. Written Employment Contracts: Foreign companies must have written employment contracts with their employees, clearly outlining the terms and conditions of employment, such as job responsibilities, compensation, working hours, leave policies, and termination clauses. b. Minimum Wages and Benefits: Foreign companies must comply with the minimum wage requirements as mandated by the state or central government. Additionally, providing mandatory employee benefits, such as provident fund contributions, medical insurance, and gratuity, is essential to ensure compliance.
- Social Security and Labor Welfare:
a. Employee Provident Fund (EPF): Foreign companies are required to register with the Employees’ Provident Fund Organization (EPFO) and ensure regular contributions to the employee provident fund, a retirement benefit scheme. b. Employee State Insurance (ESI): Depending on the number of employees, foreign companies may be required to register under the Employee State Insurance Corporation (ESIC) and contribute to the employees’ health insurance scheme. c. Labor Welfare: Compliance with labor welfare requirements, such as safety measures, maternity benefits, and grievance redressal mechanisms, is essential to ensure a healthy and secure work environment.
- Employment Termination:
a. Termination Procedures: Foreign companies must follow the due process of law while terminating an employee’s services, adhering to the notice periods, severance pay, and other legal requirements. b. Retrenchment and Layoff: In the case of retrenchment or layoffs, foreign companies must comply with the legal provisions and obtain necessary permissions, if applicable, from the relevant labor authorities.
- Prevention of Sexual Harassment:
Foreign companies must establish an Internal Complaints Committee (ICC) as per the Sexual Harassment of Women at Workplace (Prevention, Prohibition, and Redressal) Act, 2013. Regular training and awareness programs on prevention and redressal of sexual harassment should be conducted for employees.
Compliance with employment and labor laws is crucial to create a fair and inclusive work environment, protect employee rights, and avoid legal disputes. Foreign companies must stay updated with any changes or amendments to the labor laws and seek legal guidance to ensure compliance with employment-related regulations.
In the next section, we will discuss the importance of intellectual property rights (IPR) protection for foreign companies operating in India. Join us as we uncover the compliance considerations related to IPR.
Intellectual Property Rights (IPR) Compliance
Protecting intellectual property rights (IPR) is essential for foreign companies operating in India to safeguard their innovations, trademarks, copyrights, and patents. In this section, we will explore the importance of IPR protection and the compliance considerations for foreign companies in India.
a. Trademark Registration: Foreign companies should consider registering their trademarks with the Indian Trademark Office to secure exclusive rights and prevent unauthorized use or infringement. The registration process involves filing an application, examination, publication, and issuance of the trademark certificate. b. Trademark Infringement: Foreign companies must actively monitor and enforce their trademark rights, taking legal action against any instance of infringement to protect their brand identity and reputation in the Indian market.
a. Patent Registration: Foreign companies should file patent applications with the Indian Patent Office to protect their inventions or technological advancements. This involves meeting the criteria of novelty, inventive step, and industrial applicability. The patent application goes through examination, publication, and grant stages before obtaining a patent certificate. b. Patent Infringement: It is crucial for foreign companies to monitor the market and promptly take legal action against any instances of patent infringement to protect their patent rights and seek appropriate remedies under the law.
a. Copyright Registration: Although copyright protection exists automatically upon creation, foreign companies can choose to register their copyrighted works with the Copyright Office to establish a legal record and facilitate enforcement actions in case of infringement. b. Copyright Infringement: Foreign companies must be vigilant in protecting their copyrighted works and take necessary action against any unauthorized use or reproduction that infringes their copyright.
- Trade Secrets:
Foreign companies must implement robust measures to protect trade secrets and confidential information, such as having non-disclosure agreements (NDAs) with employees, suppliers, and business partners. Safeguarding trade secrets helps prevent unauthorized disclosure or use of valuable business information.
Compliance with IPR regulations is crucial to protect the intellectual property assets of foreign companies. Seeking legal expertise and advice for registration, enforcement, and protection of IPR can help foreign companies navigate the complexities and ensure compliance with IPR laws in India.
In the next section, we will delve into the importance of corporate governance and reporting for foreign companies in India. Stay with us as we explore the compliance requirements related to corporate governance.
Corporate Governance and Reporting Compliance
Maintaining high standards of corporate governance and fulfilling reporting obligations are essential for foreign companies operating in India. In this section, we will explore the importance of corporate governance and the compliance requirements related to it for foreign companies.
- Books of Accounts and Financial Statements:
Foreign companies must maintain accurate and up-to-date books of accounts in compliance with the Indian Accounting Standards (Ind AS) or the Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (GAAP). They are also required to prepare and file annual financial statements with the Registrar of Companies (ROC) within the specified timelines.
- Annual General Meetings (AGMs):
Foreign companies must conduct Annual General Meetings (AGMs) as per the provisions of the Companies Act, 2013. Compliance requirements include giving notice of the meeting to all shareholders, preparing and presenting financial statements, and addressing matters put forth in the meeting.
- Appointment of Auditors:
Foreign companies must appoint auditors who are qualified and registered with the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India (ICAI). The auditors conduct statutory audits of the company’s financial statements and ensure compliance with the relevant auditing standards.
- Compliance with Corporate Laws:
Foreign companies must adhere to various corporate laws, regulations, and guidelines related to corporate governance. This includes ensuring compliance with insider trading regulations, related party transactions, and board composition and independence requirements.
- Disclosures and Transparency:
Foreign companies must adopt transparent practices and make necessary disclosures to stakeholders, including shareholders, regulators, and the public. This includes disclosing information regarding the company’s financial performance, significant events, related party transactions, and corporate social responsibility (CSR) initiatives.
Compliance with corporate governance requirements demonstrates a foreign company’s commitment to transparency, ethical practices, and the protection of stakeholders’ interests. Engaging experienced professionals, such as company secretaries or legal advisors, can help foreign companies navigate the intricacies of corporate governance and ensure compliance with reporting obligations.
In the next section, we will explore the potential compliance challenges and risks faced by foreign companies operating in India. Stay with us as we uncover the complexities associated with regulatory compliance.
Compliance Challenges and Risks
Operating in a foreign country like India poses unique compliance challenges and risks for foreign companies. In this section, we will discuss some of the potential compliance challenges and risks that foreign companies may encounter while operating in India.
- Corruption and Bribery:
Foreign companies must be vigilant and ensure a zero-tolerance policy towards corruption and bribery. They should establish robust internal controls, conduct due diligence before engaging with business partners, and comply with anti-corruption laws such as the Prevention of Corruption Act, 1988.
- Anti-Money Laundering (AML):
Compliance with anti-money laundering regulations is critical for foreign companies operating in India, especially in sectors susceptible to money laundering risks. Implementing Know Your Customer (KYC) procedures, reporting suspicious transactions, and maintaining proper documentation are essential to mitigate AML risks.
- Data Privacy and Security:
It is essential for foreign companies to comply with Indian data privacy laws and ensure the security of personal and sensitive data. Companies must implement robust data protection measures, obtain consent for data usage, and be aware of the rights and obligations under the applicable data privacy regulations.
- Regulatory Changes and Updates:
The regulatory landscape in India is dynamic, and foreign companies must stay updated with changes or updates in regulations that may affect their operations. Regular monitoring of regulatory developments and engaging with legal or compliance experts will help foreign companies proactively address compliance challenges resulting from regulatory changes.
- Industry-Specific Compliance:
Certain sectors, such as pharmaceuticals, healthcare, finance, and telecommunications, have sector-specific regulations and compliance requirements. Foreign companies operating in these sectors must ensure adherence to specific laws governing their industry.
- Contractual and Commercial Compliance:
Complying with contractual obligations, managing commercial relationships, and handling disputes in a compliant manner are crucial for foreign companies. Drafting comprehensive agreements, conducting due diligence, and seeking legal assistance when needed can help mitigate compliance risks.
Foreign companies should prioritize compliance by establishing strong compliance frameworks, conducting periodic compliance audits, and providing training to employees on ethical practices and compliance obligations. Partnering with local legal counsel or compliance experts can help navigate the complexities of India’s compliance landscape and mitigate potential risks.
In the final section, we will summarize the key points discussed and emphasize the importance of compliance for foreign companies operating in India. Stay with us for the conclusion of this comprehensive guide.
Summary: Establishing Foreign Companies in India & Compliance
Establishing foreign companies in India and ensuring compliance with the legal and regulatory framework is a complex but crucial endeavor. In this comprehensive guide, we have explored various aspects related to the establishment of foreign companies in India and the compliance considerations that come with it.
We began by understanding the legal and regulatory framework governing foreign companies in India, including the Companies Act, Foreign Exchange Management Act (FEMA), and sector-specific regulations. We then discussed the different entity structures available, such as wholly-owned subsidiaries, joint ventures, liaison offices, and branch offices, and their respective advantages and limitations.
Continuing our journey, we dived into the Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) policy in India and its implications for foreign companies. We highlighted the importance of complying with FDI sectoral caps, obtaining necessary approvals, and adhering to reporting requirements.
The guide also covered statutory compliance requirements, including company incorporation, tax registration, compliance with regulatory bodies such as the Registrar of Companies (ROC), and adherence to tax and reporting obligations. We explored compliance considerations related to employment and labor laws, intellectual property rights (IPR) protection, corporate governance, and reporting obligations.
Moreover, we discussed the potential compliance challenges and risks faced by foreign companies, such as corruption, anti-money laundering, data privacy, regulatory changes, and industry-specific compliance requirements. Mitigating these risks requires strong internal controls, diligent monitoring, and adherence to ethical and legal standards.
Establishing foreign companies in India offers significant opportunities for growth and expansion. However, compliance with applicable laws and regulations is vital to ensure business sustainability, maintain a good reputation, and protect the interests of all stakeholders.
By staying updated with the evolving regulatory landscape, seeking expert advice, and fostering a culture of compliance, foreign companies can navigate the complexities of the Indian market and build a strong, compliant presence in India.
Remember, compliance is an ongoing process that requires continuous monitoring, periodic reviews, and adaptability to regulatory changes. As you embark on your journey to establish a foreign company in India, prioritize compliance as a strategic and integral part of your operations.
We hope this comprehensive guide has provided valuable insights and guidance to assist you in understanding the complexities and importance of compliance when establishing foreign companies in India.
If you have any further questions or need assistance in any specific area, feel free to reach out. Best wishes for your endeavors in establishing and operating your foreign company in India!
- What is considered a Foreign Company in India?
A foreign company refers to a company or body corporate that is incorporated outside India but has a place of business in India, either physically or through electronic mode, and is engaged in any business activity in India.
- How can a Foreign Company register in India?
To register a foreign company in India, it must file Form FC-1 within 30 days of establishing a place of business. The required documents include the company’s charter documents, address details, information about directors and secretaries, authorized representative details, and other relevant information.
- How can alterations in a Foreign Company’s place of business be made?
If any alterations are made, the company must inform the Registrar within 30 days through Form FC-2. This form requires attachments such as certified copies of the board resolution, resolution passed in the general meeting, approval letters (if applicable), and particulars of the alterations made.
- How should Financial Statements be prepared for a Foreign Company in India?
Financial statements related to the Indian business carried out by a foreign company should be prepared in accordance with Schedule III. These statements, along with other prescribed documents, need to be attached and filed within six months from the end of the financial year using Form FC-3.
- Who can audit the accounts of a Foreign Company in India?
The accounts of a foreign company’s Indian business should be audited by a practicing chartered accountant or a firm/LLP of practicing chartered accountants.
- Is it necessary to provide details of all places where business is conducted?
Yes, along with the financial statements, a foreign company is required to provide details of all places where it conducts business in India as of the balance sheet date in Form FC-3.
- Is the filing of an Annual Return mandatory for Foreign Companies in India?
Yes, foreign companies must file the annual return in Form FC-4 within 60 days from the end of the financial year. The form requires information about promoters, directors, key managerial personnel, meeting details, changes in directors and key managerial personnel, and various other details.
- What is the relevance of FCRN and DIN?
FCRN (Foreign Company Registration Number) is a unique identifier assigned to foreign companies upon approval of Form FC-1. DIN (Director Identification Number) is not mandatory for directors of foreign companies with branch offices in India.